qoutes and biography on chhatrapati shivaji maharaj

by HARNEET KAUR (Ishq Kalam)

qoutes and biography on chhatrapati shivaji maharaj

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was born on February 19, 1630, at the Shivneri Fort near Pune, Maharashtra, India. He was the founder of the Maratha Empire and is widely regarded as one of the greatest warriors and administrators in the history of India.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, a legendary figure in Indian history, played a crucial role in the establishment of the Maratha Empire. Here is a brief history of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:

biography on chhatrapati shivaji maharaj

chhatrapati shivaji maharaj

1. Birth and Early Life (1630):   Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was born on February 19, 1630, at the Shivneri Fort near Pune. His father, Shahaji Bhonsle, was a Maratha general, and his mother, Jijabai, played a significant role in shaping his character and principles.

2. Early Military Campaigns (1645-1656): Shivaji started his military career by capturing the Torna Fort in 1645. Over the next decade, he successfully seized several forts from the Adil Shahi Sultanate and the Mughals. His guerrilla tactics and innovative military strategies became hallmarks of his campaigns.

3. Coronation (1674): In 1674, Shivaji was crowned Chhatrapati at Raigad Fort. The coronation marked the establishment of the Maratha Empire. He adopted a coronation name, “Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj,” emphasizing his status as a sovereign ruler.

4. Administration and Governance: Shivaji implemented a well-organized administrative system known as the “Ashta Pradhan Mandal” (Council of Eight Ministers). This system included ministers overseeing various aspects of governance, such as finance, military, and internal affairs. He also established a navy, which played a crucial role in securing coastal territories.

5. Naval Supremacy: Shivaji recognized the strategic importance of having a strong navy. He built a powerful fleet that not only defended the Maratha coastline but also challenged foreign powers. His naval victories include capturing several key ports and islands.

6. Raigad Fort: Shivaji made Raigad Fort his capital. The fort was a symbol of Maratha power and administration. It also served as a military stronghold and a center for Shivaji’s coronation.

7. Religious Tolerance: Shivaji was known for his religious tolerance. He treated people of all religions with respect and fairness. He promoted a policy of inclusivity and allowed religious freedom in his kingdom.

8. Death (1680): Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj passed away on April 3, 1680. His son, Sambhaji, succeeded him as the next Chhatrapati. Shivaji’s legacy continued through the Maratha Empire, which expanded under subsequent rulers.

9. Legacy: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is remembered as a visionary leader, skilled military strategist, and a just ruler. His principles of administration, military tactics, and commitment to justice left a lasting impact on Indian history. He is a revered figure in Maharashtra and across India, and his legacy continues to inspire generations. The celebrations of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti annually on his birth anniversary reflect the enduring respect and admiration for this iconic historical figure.

qoutes and biography on chhatrapati shivaji maharaj

“A lion runs the fastest when he is hungry.”


“The lion’s roar frightens the jackals,
but he does not attack them.”


“It is the function of the lion to roar,
and it is the function of the jackal to criticize.”



“The strong rule while the weak obey.”


“A true king is neither a husband nor a father,
nor any relation to his subjects.
His only relation is to his kingdom.
“As long as you have not conquered your mind,
you cannot conquer the world.”


“The forts are the bones of the state.
It is not proper to forsake them.”


“Even a single hair of a tiger
can disturb the entire forest.”


“He who has wealth has friends,
and he who has power has relations.”


“A disciplined army and an undisciplined
one will fight differently.
One fights like a collection of mercenaries,
the other like a coordinated force.”


“In the land of the blind,
even a one-eyed man is a king.”


“To command is to serve,
nothing more and nothing less.”


“One must measure a prince by his conduct,
not by his lineage.”


“The world is a marketplace,
and the wise man selects
whatever will be of use to him in his own country.”


“The fort may belong to the enemy,
but the sky belongs to everyone.”

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